Principle 3

All business should provide decent work for young workers, parents and caregivers.
Young migrant factory worker
A study made by the Center for Child Rights and CSR shows that young workers in China are a transient workforce and often change jobs in the hunt for better work conditions and better salaries. 700 young workers were involved in the survey and most had worked for less than three years. 20 % already had changed jobs once, 33 % had changed jobs twice, and 20 % had changed jobs three times.
Jonathan Browning

The corporate responsibility to respect includes:

a. Providing decent work for young workers
Respect the rights of children above the minimum age for work, and promotesocial dialogue and rights at work, provision of safe working conditions,protection from abuse and exploitation, and access to gender-appropriate water,sanitation and hygiene facilities.

b. Being responsive to the vulnerability of young workers above theminimum age for work
i. All business should adopt and endorse, at the highest level, their policycommitment regarding the rights of children and of young workers, includingtheir right to be protected from violence and abuse. The policy should protect children above the minimum age for regular work from hazardous work: it should consider, among other things, limits to hours of work; restrictions on work at dangerous heights, as well as work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools; the transport of heavy loads; exposure to hazardous substances or processes, and difficult conditions such as work at night or work where the young worker is unreasonably confined to the premises of the employer. Responsibility for implementing this policy must be mainstreamed and shared by management, although the business may choose to allocate specific managerial responsibility for supervising its implementation.

ii. Business policies on harassment should pay attention to the vulnerability of young workers. These policies should be enforced consistently and employees and others on company premises should receive training on them. Grievance mechanisms should be effective and also accessible to young workers.

iii. Business may require management and encourage trade unions and their elected representatives to pay special attention to protecting the rights ofyoung workers. Trade unions may decide to elect young worker representatives/ stewards to monitor working conditions of youth; this is a matter for the autonomous decision of the trade union concerned.

The corporate commitment to support includes:

c. Providing decent work for young workers
Promote decent work opportunities for young workers, including age-appropriatesocial protection and health information and services. Quality education and relevant vocational training and livelihood development programmes are of particular importance, as is the opportunity to earn a living.

d. Providing decent working conditions that also support workers, bothwomen and men, in their roles as parents or caregivers
Beyond legal compliance, pay particular attention to working conditions such asthe payment of a living wage, length and flexibility of working hours, provisions for pregnant and breastfeeding women, need for parental leave, supporting migrant and seasonal workers with distance parenting, and facilitating access to good quality childcare, health care and education for dependents. 

China has an estimated 242 million migrant workers, more than 100 million of these were born in the 1980s and early 1990s, which creates new challenges for business. 
Advance your understanding of Principle 3.